Victory Front (FpV) presidential candidate Daniel Scioli put aside his penchant for ambiguous statements today and waved most progressive agendas goodbye when he stated he is against the decriminalization of abortion and marijuana.
Speaking to Radio Con Vos, he pointed out that before talking about decriminalizing marijuana, he’d rather focus on encouraging young people who suffer from addictions to take up a sport in order to “integrate” society.
“Drugs are the opposite of life,” he said. He also stated, again, that he wouldn’t take part in the first-ever presidential debate on Sunday. Buzzkill.
Scioli’s statements begs the question: How does Argentina stand on these issues right now? Let’s take a look at the country’s policies on marijuana consumption and abortion.
Law 23,737 regulates the consumption of all drugs in the country, not only marijuana. It contains a long list of drugs that is updated periodically, because there’s always some new weird shit going around. Remember bath salts? Disturbing. The last update happened in 2010.
However, the Supreme Court established a precedent when it ruled in favor of decriminalizing marijuana possession for personal consumption in the 2009 Arriola Case. Basically, the sentence determined it is unconstitutional to punish an adult for possessing and consuming the drug in private (private, people) as long as he or she does the following:
- Is discrete about it
- Doesn’t jeopardize a third party
- Doesn’t intend on commercializing it
The Justices based their ruling on the grounds that adults’ privacy must be protected.
But when it comes to progressive agendas on this matter, we all know we have to take a look at our next-door Uruguayan neighbors, since they’ve become the first country in the world to regulate the cannabis market all the way from its production to its commercialization.
However, as we previously explained, the implementation has been problematic. For now, there are marijuana clubs and it is legal to cultivate for non-commercial use, but the Uruguayan state hasn’t organized official production yet, so there are no pharmacies selling weed.
Article 86 of the country’s criminal code states that abortion is not criminalized if it is done by a certified doctor with a woman’s consent under the following circumstances:
- There’s a danger to the mother’s life or health.
- If the pregnancy resulted from rape or abuse committed towards a woman mentally incapacitated. In this case, a person speaking on the woman’s behalf has to give her consent.
A 2012 Supreme Court ruling extended the law’s rape stipulation to allow all women who’d suffered from sexual abuse – not just mentally retarded women – to legally have abortions.
It also allowed doctors to perform abortions without needing legal authorization. However, rape victims must still provide signed affidavits declaring they were raped.
However, according to an article published in Clarín, civil rights associations have determined that out of the country’s 25 jurisdictions, only eight respect the court’s ruling while nine others have no protocols regarding abortion. The others make it difficult for women to access non-punishable abortions.
In March, Health Minister Daniel Gollán stated that 500,000 illegal abortions are performed in the country every year. It is the main cause of death to mothers.