Photo from the archives of La Nación.

Buenos Aires currently at the top of the rankings from the United Nations Provincial Development Index (IDSP), based on data compiled from last year to evaluate economic growth, social inclusion and environmental sustainability. The capital city places first in all categories.

In May, the United Nations Development Program (PNUD) published “Information for Sustainable Development: Argentina and Agenda 2030,” in accordance with the UN’s worldwide goals for sustainable development by 2030. PNUD issued the report in response to what it considered a lack of reliable and accurate data on development in Argentina.

According to the study, the IDSP of Buenos Aires (0.792) is 34 percent higher than that of the jurisdiction in second place (Chubut, with 0.595), and 40 percent higher than the average index in Argentina (0.570).

For the CABA, these were the primary criteria:

Economic development: Buenos Aires has a high per capita income. Its workforce is, on average, highly educated and qualified.

Social inclusion: Poverty levels are relatively low, while education and health indicators are high. The level of employment is relatively high, and that of informal employment low.

Environmental sustainability: Though it generates the most waste per capita (almost double the national average), it also enjoys the most comprehensive waste disposal system.

Emissions of gases: Greenhouse gas emissions per capita are relatively low, and derive mainly from energy generation. Emissions from agriculture, livestock and general land use are non-existent in the city. The magnitude of these emissions is much more cause for concern in the rest of the country.

As to whether Argentina can achieve the objectives of Agenda 2030, “all of civil society and the private sector, in addition to the national political system, will need to participate,” concluded Gala Díaz Langou, director of the Social Protection program at the Center for the Implementation of Public Policies for Equity and Growth (Cippec). “The index reminds us how incredibly heterogenous our twenty-four provinces are.”