Six out of every ten children in Argentina were impacted by “structural poverty” in 2017, according to a report published by the Universidad Católica Argentina’s Observatory of Social Debt yesterday.
The figure varies depending on the measurement method used by the institution. Besides the standard one, which takes the household income into account, UCA also started measuring poverty with a so-called “multi-dimensional” index last year, which determines whether a person – a child in this case – is poor based on their access to seven basic goods and services such as running water, books, phones, and internet, among others, and whether their living conditions are adequate.
This methodology combines three models from the University of Bristol, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), and UNICEF’s Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA).
Under the regular method, the report concluded that 62.5 percent of children under the age of 18, a figure that amounts to almost eight million people, were affected by structural poverty. Under the multi-dimensional one, the figure rises to 65.5 percent, or eight million adults and 250,000 children.
Moreover, ten percent live in a household that is “vulnerable in terms of access to food.”
“In 2017, 28.7 percent of children experienced deprivation in at least one of the indicators used as a reference; 18.4 percent registered lack of access to two; 12 to three and 5.9 percent to four or more,” the report explains.
The report goes on to say the percentage who did not have access to proper sanitation decreased from 22.8 to 20.8 percent, while seven percent don’t have access to running water or proper toilets. However, this problem increases sharply in the Greater Buenos Aires area, as 40 percent of its underage residents are deprived of this basic right.
As for the other main indicators, housing issues increased from 25.7 to 30.2 percent, healthcare from 22.7 to 23.3; information from 18.8 to 19.5; while education decreased from 19.3 to 18.5 percent. The trend has stayed relatively stable since 2010, the first year referenced by the study.