According to a 2015 study on social inclusion in North and South America, Argentina ranked as the third most inclusive country behind Uruguay and the US, sliding down from its 2014 spot as the second most inclusive nation.
For the second year in a row, Uruguay took first place. Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua scored the lowest on the index, with Paraguay receiving the worst score in terms of LGBTQ rights.
The survey, conducted by the Council of the Americas and published in America Quarterly, ranked 17 nations in the Americas across 15 categories ranging from advances in women and LGBTQ rights, investments in social programs, enrollment in secondary school, income levels, access to housing and formal employment.
“[Argentina] continues to rank in the top three in GDP spent on social programs, enrollment in secondary school by gender, LGBTQ rights, percentage of the population living on more than US$4 a day by gender and race empowerment,” the report reads.
In terms of women’s rights, Argentina, the US, Uruguay, Colombia and Costa Rica took the helm.
Effectively, this year’s Ni Una Menos campaign against femicide galvanized the public — and public officials, we hope — in taking decisive steps to minimize machismo in the country. Or at the very least, it shed light on existing problems.
Argentina also scored high in the LGBTQ rights category, undoubtedly due to progressive anti-discrimination laws on same-sex marriage (obtained in 2010! Way before the US!) and other legislation such as the recent legalization of blood donation from members of the LGBTQ community.
In terms of the countries’ economies, the report was incredibly optimistic for everyone:
“The majority of the countries included in the Index improved in access to adequate housing… Poverty is receding across the board,”
But, as always, don’t let numbers fool you. While on paper some progress is evident, an obvious need for many changes in female, indigenous, LGBTQ and Afro-descent inclusion is still extremely present.