Rest easy: we finally have a full Supreme Court. President Mauricio Macri’s second justice nominee Carlos Rosenkrantz was sworn in today. He joins the highest judicial instance in Argentina in the middle of the controversy surrounding the tarifazo, or steep rate hikes implemented by the government which the Supreme Court shot down last week.
Rosenkrantz’s appointment to the Supreme Court was approved in a Senate vote on March 15 of this year. He was confirmed along with Justice Horacio Rossati, another Macri nominee, who was sworn in last month.
Supreme Court candidates have to be nominated by the President and approved by the Senate. Rosenkrantz and Rosatti’s nominations were highly controversial because Macri initially attempted to sidestep legislative confirmation by putting them forward via an emergency decree (DNU). He later adopted the formal channels.
Rosatti and Rosenkratz’s appointments are crucial because until now, there were only three Supreme Court justices, which is the lowest number needed in order for the court to hold session. The maximum number of justices is five. In order to pass a resolution, at least three justices must be in agreement. However, since it’s obviously more difficult for all three members of a three-person Supreme Court to unanimously agree than for three out of five justices in a five-person Supreme Court to agree, resolutions are much more likely to be passed with five justices.
Rosenkrantz is a lawyer and former dean of San Andrés University. He was a consultant for the Consejo para la Consolidación de la Democracia (Council for the Consolidation of Democracy) and is the owner of an important law firm, Bouzat, Rosenkrantz And Associates.