Under the rallying cry “23 years of impunity in everyone’s history,” the Jewish community commemorated a new anniversary of the terrorist attack on the AMIA center, which killed 85 people and injured over 300. Following tradition, the people in charge of the event read the name of every single person who lost their life in the attack and renewed their demands for justice and the capture of the Iranian operatives who have been accused of having played a role in the attack.
Moreover, as has happened since 2015, a rose was placed on the place of the explosion in honor of the late prosecutor Alberto Nisman, who was found dead with a gunshot wound to the head a few days after accusing then-President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner and other high-ranking government officials of covering up Iran’s role in the attack in exchange for trade deals.
According to Nisman, both parties would have done this through the so-called “Memorandum of Understanding” (MOU) between the countries, which in theory was destined to form a bi-national group tasked with uncovering the truth. The MOU was found unconstitutional by the Argentine judiciary, but the Fernández administration appealed. After succeeding her in office, President Mauricio Macri decided to drop the appeal, thus shutting down the Memorandum.
Nisman’s accusation and the investigation the circumstances of his death are closely tied to the attack. In fact, the Supreme Court established in a ruling issued at the end of last year that the Federal Justice had to take over the latter case, after determining that his death – whether it was a murder or a suicide — was a direct consequence of his work as a prosecutor in the AMIA case.
His death is being investigated by Judge Julián Ercolini, while Claudio Bonadio is in charge of determining whether there’s enough evidence to support the bombshell accusation he made before dying.
“Alberto Nisman fulfilled his duty. His death is definitely tied to the AMIA case. I hope we get justice for him soon,” said AMIA head Agustín Zbar in a speech during the event.
Regarding the attack, Zbar said that “terrorism left a bleeding wound called impunity. We ask that people unite to end impunity in the AMIA case,” he added. Zbar went on to praise the request made by President Mauricio Macri to renew Interpol’s red notices on the five Iranians who have been charged in the case, thus keeping their international arrest warrants alive.
Through Interpol, the Argentine courts requested the capture of the following former Iranian officials: former Defense Minister Ahmah Vahidi, former Cultural Aggregate to the Iranian Embassy in Buenos Aires Moshen Rabbani, former Intelligence Minister Ali Fallahijan, former Chief of the Revolutionary Guard Moshen Rezzai and Ahnmad Reza Ashgari or Mohsen Randjbaran, thought to have a double identity. All of them are considered to potentially be the architects of the attack.
Several high-ranking government officials went to the event to show their support including Cabinet Chief Marcos Peña; Justice and Environment ministers Germán Garavano and Sergio Bergman; Human Rights Secretary Claudio Avruj and Senator Federico Pinedo. President Macri met with AMIA authorities on Friday but did not attend the event.